Pyongyang 

Pyongyang is one of not so many cities on our planet which can be proud by its clean air, somehow unusual sanatoria rhythm of life, beauty of parks and gardens every springtime, warmth and charm of Autumn. Different from any other capital city in the world, the main city of DPRK (North Korea) is populated by nearly two million people, including habitants of its suburban villages. The city is divided by 18 administrative districts and four counties. 
Its name Pyongyang is literary means "flat land" because it is surrounded by mountains. Once, it was also called Willow capital - Ryugyong, because still willow trees cover with shadows many streets everywhere. Rivers Taedonggang and Potonggang are running across the city. Despite of the name Flat land, Pyongyang is not completely that flat. It's quite mountainous and the most popular hills are Moranbong (95 m) and Mansudae (60 m)

Pyongyang’s history

 247 ADA fortress had been built on the site of modern Pyongyang, and the capital of Koguryo Kingdom was temporary relocated there.

427 AD – The fortress called Pyongyang on Taesonsan Mountain was made the permanent capital of Koguryo under reign of King Changsu.

VI century – A new fortress Jangansong had been erected on the Moran Hills on the territory of the modern Pyongyang.

586 AD - Jangansong was made the Koguryo’s capital.

VIII-IX cc – Pyongyang turned out to be on the border between two kingdoms, Parhae and later Shilla. The city decayed. 

922 AD – Construction of fortification walls was started on the territory of modern Pyongyang, and the new city got the name of  Seogyong (Western Capital) and became the second largest city in the new Koryo Kingdom.

1135 AD – Feudal opposition in the kingdom raised a revolt in Seogyong  city, on the wave of peasant’s unrests. The revolt was suppressed by government forces.

1811-1912 – Peasants war in the Pyongando Province reached Pyongyang city.

1866 – American ship General Sherman was destroyed near Pyongyang on Taedong River. The crew of the ship had tried to force Koreans to open for trade.

1919 – Mass demonstrations were held in Pyongyang demanding independence of Korea fron Japanese rule

1945 – A meeting was held in Pyongyang at which Kim Il Sung (real name Kin Song-ju) proclaimed independence of Korea.

1948 – Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was established with Pyongyang as its capital.

1989 – 13th International festival of youth and students was held in Pyongyang, letting its inhabitants see unprecedented crowds of young people from overseas for the first time in history.

2000 – The first summit meeting between leaders of the DPRK and the Republic of Korea was held in Pyongyang.